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      Indigenous Struggle against Colonialism

      Howard Adams (Métis)

      Revolutionary Métis Marxist scholar and professor Howard Adams grew up in a Métis community in Saskatchewan. He was a leader in the struggle for Indigenous rights, self-determination, and socialism.

      Excerpt from Prison of Grass

      “An effective method of distorting the social relationships between white and native people is through the myth that Indians need to be protected. By persuading whites to believe this illusion, colonizing governments are able to get away with suppressive and abusive control of natives. Such protection only serves to imprison Indians and Metis more severely. In Canada, schemes of protection are enforced by the RCMP, the treaties, the reserves, and the Indian Act. The economic dependence connected with these schemes fosters distorted social relationships and life styles. A century ago it was rations; today, it is welfare, which prevents occupational independence and allows the government to control native people as wards and “children”. Rather than developing independence and confidence, the protection scheme creates a false sense of security and encourages attitudes of supplication.”

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