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      Indigenous Struggle against Colonialism

      Howard Adams

      Revolutionary Métis Marxist scholar and professor Howard Adams grew up in a Métis community in Saskatchewan. He was a leader in the struggle for Indigenous rights, selfdetermination, and socialism.

      Excerpt from Prison of Grass. Page 137

      “Order becomes excessive when it is used only for preserving the status quo. Conformity becomes harmful when it prevents people from developing an inner essence and when it stultifies creative energy and action. The presence of excessive conformity, authoritarianism, indoctrination, and fear in the school environment negates the autonomy and the independence of a student. The final product of such schooling is a condition of thorough colonization.

      For education to be truly liberating, however, it cannot take places with the present institutions and bureaucracy. Also, it will require more than placing native elites in the oppressor’s position. The structure will have to be destroyed and new ones built that embody freedom and humanness as well as political power.”

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