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      Indigenous Struggle against Colonialism

      Howard Adams (Métis)

      Revolutionary Métis Marxist scholar and professor Howard Adams grew up in a Métis community in Saskatchewan. He was a leader in the struggle for Indigenous rights, self-determination, and socialism.

      Excerpt from Chapter 12: "Schooling the Redman" in Prison Grass, 1975.

      “The white-supremacist school with its repressive attitudes towards children is the source of the so-called native “school problem.” The Métis and Indians with their supposed stupidity and laziness, their so-called lack of industry and ambition, and their apathy to a “progressive” school system are not the problem. The school systematically and meticulously conditions natives to a state of inferiorization and colonization. It does this in number of ways; most important, however, is that it teaches the language, literature, and history of the colonizer and thus forces the students to deny their language, culture, and essential being. The school and its teachers operate within typical racial stereotypes and coerce students into feeling ashamed and unworthy.”

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