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      "By Any Means Necessary..."

      Excerpt from Malcolm X Speech to Civil Rights Workers from Mississippi (Jan. 1, 1965)

      Now the point that I’m making is this:
      Never at any time in the history of our people in this country have we made advances or advancement, or made progress in any way just based upon the internal good will of this country, or based upon the internal activity of this country. We have only made advancement in this country when this country was under pressure from forces above and beyond its control. Because the internal moral consciousness of this country is bankrupt. It hasn’t existed since they first brought us over here and made slaves out of us. They trick up on the confirmation and make it appear that they have our good interests at heart. But when you study it, every time, no matter how many steps they take us forward, it’s like we’re standing on a— what do you call that thing?—a treadmill. The treadmill is moving backwards faster than we’re able to go forward in this direction. We’re not even standing still— we’re walking forward, at the same time we’re going backward...

      So don’t you run around here trying to make friends with somebody who’s depriving you of your rights. They’re not your friends. No, they’re your enemies. Treat them like that and fight them, and you’ll get your freedom. And after you get your freedom, your enemy will respect you. He will respect you.

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